Strengthening Human Resources, Legal Frameworks, and Institutional Capacities to Implement the Nagoya Protocol (UNDP-GEF Global ABS Project)


Kazakhstan is endowed with an enormous diversity of mountain ecological systems and a great diversity of species. The country is particularly known for its very high rate of mushroom endemism; more than 120 of its over 5000 species of mushrooms are endemic. Kazakhstan is also known for its very rich fossil flora and fauna, some of which are among the oldest and date back to about 420 million years. More than five percent of the country’s land surface is under protected area.

Kazakhstan’s biodiversity is constantly under threat from habitat destruction due to urbanization and the extraction of mineral resources, poaching, hunting, pollution, and unsustainable agricultural practices. Rare hoofed animal populations, and many other species, have continued to decrease despite improved protection practices.


The Republic of Kazakhstan has been a Party to the Nagoya Protocol since September 2015 and the country has about 10 pieces of legislation relating to the management of biodiversity.  The National Strategy and Action Plan for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity has been under implementation since 1999.

Other documents include the Strategy of Kazakhstan 2050, the National Policy for Development, the Concept of Innovation for the Development of Kazakhstan, and the Concept of Transition to Green Economy, etc. However, these documents cannot support effective implementation of Access to genetic resources and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) because they have no proper ABS legal framework with provisions for traditional knowledge and involvement of local communities.


The UNDP-GEF Global ABS project, in Kazakhstan, is helping to stimulate national research, access to research outputs of other parties, cooperation, monetary and non-monetary benefit-sharing, education and technology transfer. The project is supporting the development of a legal framework with appropriate laws, guidelines and other provisions that would simplify ABS implementation at all levels. Support is being provided to revise the draft law on flora and fauna, which was developed in 2010, and to develop new laws or amend existing ones in the context of ABS.

The project is supporting awareness-raising and training activities to increase understanding of ABS and the Nagoya Protocol and elicit support for implementation. It is supporting efforts to conduct a feasibility study and a pilot database that will include traditional knowledge associated with the most valuable genetic resources as part of the national information system or Clearing House. Another pilot being considered is on the development and use of commercial ABS contracts.




Project start date:

July 2016

Estimated end date:

June 2021

Focus area:

  • accelerate structural transformations
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Regional Center – Istanbul

    Implementing partner:

    United Nations Development Programme

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2021 $787,616

    2020 $1,879,564

    2019 $3,925,234

    2018 $3,940,246

    2017 $1,388,532

    2016 $402


    Principal Partner

    Committee on forestry and Wildlife under the Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Kazakhstan

    Institute of Ecology and Sustainable Development

    Other Partners

    Institute of General Genetics and Cytology of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.


    Firuz Ibrohimov

    Chief Technical Adviser, UNDP-GEF Global ABS Project

    14, Mambetov street, office 303

    Astana, 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan


    Tel: +77477825724

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