Renewable energy technologies are among the most advanced and fastest growing in the world. As part of the development of transition to a green economy, it is very important for Kazakhstan to monitor new trends and take them into account in the development of national alternative energy.
Today, Denmark is one of the world examples of the active introduction and application of renewable energy sources. It holds a leading position in the field of green energy; according to the results of 2018, the share of wind generation only in the balance of electric energy production was 44%, and the total share of renewable energy including solar and biogas power plants was 63%. In addition, the country is in the top 5 countries in the world for the use of solar collectors for central heating.
In order to study the Danish experience and the technologies applied, a study tour of the Kazakhstan delegation has been held in Denmark in the period from November 18th to 22nd, 2019. The study tour was organized by the United Nations Development Program in Kazakhstan. The delegation from Kazakhstan included people who are well aware of the current situation in the development of the renewable energy sector in Kazakhstan. There were representatives of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, JSC FRP Damu, JSC KEGOK, Kazakhstan Association of Solar Energy, municipality of Turkestan region, and the private sector. The tour program included meetings with representatives of the Danish Energy Agency, the Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate of Denmark, representatives of the Danish Industry - a company which represents the interests of Danish producers and suppliers of renewable energy technologies, etc., as well as visits to renewable energy facilities.
During the tour, a visit was made to the famous island of Samso – it is almost completely green island. Its current production of green electric energy is 140% of the island’s needs, the surplus electricity is transferred to the Danish national grid. The municipality and the residents of the island set themselves the ambitious task of becoming a completely green island and abandoning fossil fuels for good even in the transport sector by 2030. At the same time, it must be emphasized that a large share of renewable energy sources in the country's energy balance are certain challenges for Danish power engineers. The Kazakhstan delegation was interested to learn the country's experience not only on technical issues - balancing, regulation, scheduling, but also on the development of the electricity market as a whole. These issues were highlighted during a meeting with representatives of the Danish network operator – Energinet.
Studying the experience and renewable energy technologies used in Denmark will allow us to rethink the development processes of not only the renewable energy sector, but also, the further general development of the entire energy sector in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
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