3-5 of October 2018, Karaganda
Karaganda Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The United Nations Development Program in Kazakhstan, within the framework of project with the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, conducted a training for trainers of the Police Academes and regional training centers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on effective police response to the cases of gender based violence (GBV). The training was held on October 3-5 in the Karaganda Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with the support of UNDP Seoul Policy Center. The training aimed to establish a pool of trainers for systematic training of regional police officers.
In 1998, Kazakhstan joined the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, and took commitments to pursue development of gender policy, bring national law in line with norms prohibiting discrimination against women and ensure the legal protection of rights of women through increased access to the courts and government agencies and protection of women against any act of discrimination.
In 2014, the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women admitted the achievements of Kazakhstan in gender policy implementation but also expressed concern that women rarely attempt to achieve justice and accountability under the law due facing gender and sexual violence and discrimination. To overcome the obstacles related to the rights of victims, the Committee recommended Kazakhstan (a) to conduct awareness-raising campaigns to eliminate stigmatization and stereotypes faced by women seeking justice; (b) provide systematic training for judges, prosecutors and lawyers in application of legislation prohibiting discrimination and violence against women; (c) ensure effective access to justice for female victims of violence, including access to legal assistance, especially to women from vulnerable groups, and support non-governmental organizations promoting access to justice for women.
The training applied to the best international practices, including the work of Korean police officers. Earlier, in April 2018, USPC organized a study visit for the representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs to learn Korean best practice of GBV investigation and effective work of the Korean police with victims of gender-based violence in communication with civil society and involvement of crisis centers, medical experts, lawyers and psychologists.
As the experts and representatives of NGOs and crisis centers emphasized, despite the measures taken by the government, the continuing number of crimes against women, the lack of intervention by psychologists in the first minutes of work of police with GBV victims raise certain concerns, and victims often complain about late medical examination.
The effectiveness of the police in investigation of the facts of GBV remains to be an issue. It is also coherent with the last annual message of the President that makes an accent on improvement of the work of law enforcement agencies and their role in protecting the rights of citizens, including the rights of women affected by violence.