Kazakhstan’s energy sector accounts for about 80% of total emissions, 90% of which comes from power and heat generation. At this point, residential sector is the third-leading energy consumer in the country after the energy and manufacturing sectors, and, consequently, represents one of the largest sectors of GHG emissions. Buildings, primarily residential, account for 13.5% of power and 24% of heat demand. Taking into account official projections and expected fast growth of housing construction, energy efficiency becomes a national strategic priority for Kazakhstan. The main goal of the project “Energy Efficient Design and Construction of Residential Buildings” is to decrease GHG emissions within residential sector of Kazakhstan.